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  1. thank you to "PB PARIVAR" who join me in their family of members i am so happy and i obey my duty honestly.

    thank you .

  2. Dear Prasar Bharati Team,
    As i get chance to be a member of such team and want to share my positive views and statements My purpose is to elaborate the views of Society in which We are living So keep boom the environment health because that is directly belongs to us and our Future Generation

  3. As we accept from nature to give as we want It should Our Prime duty To Maintain Nature Balance Pl.Do Tree Planting

  4. sir I want to book guest house at CHENNAI for 1 or 2 days.can you tell me the procedure for it ?

  5. The 'Prasar Bharti Parivar ' is bringing its members closer to one another at the one and same platform by the way of promotion of understanding , fraternity and friendship - A first step to PEACE .

  6. Dear friends ! Happy Friendship Day to You All !
    There is nothing on this earth to be prized more than true friendship. If you have a true friend then you are so lucky, person. True friends are always together in spirit.
    When it’s people we care about & value, everyday should be Friendship Day. For that particular day of observance, it could be as simple as returning the greeting, Happy Friendship Day to you to telling them how important their friendship is to you (if it’s someone you have a closer connection to). Perhaps, getting them a card or even a gift, to mark the occasion. Though, again, little tokens of appreciation & affection are best when they’re presented randomly, without there being a specific day attached to it. Doing something, just because. I know I enjoy those more.
    Friendship is a little more trust,
    A little less try,
    A little more laugh,
    And a little less cry,
    A little more WE and a little less I.
    Friendship day All of You.
    A friend is SWEET when it’s NEW, Its SWEETER when it’s TRUE,AND YOU KNOW, Its SWEETEST when it’s YOU. Happy Friendship Day.
    Hold a true friend with both your hands. Happy Friends Day !

  7. Radio is still the most dynamic, reactive and engaging medium there is, adapting to 21st century changes and offering new ways to interact and participate. Where social media and audience fragmentation can put us in media bubbles of like-minded people, radio is uniquely positioned to bring communities together and foster positive dialogue for change. By listening to its audiences and responding to their needs, radio provides the diversity of views and voices needed to address the challenges we all face.

    Radio informs us and transforms us, through entertainment, information and audience participation. Having a radio means you are never alone – you always have a friend in radio.

  8. I have been a regular listener of All India Radio's programs since 2004 , when I was 14 . To begin with , the main responsibility of AIR is to inform and to entertain . Its objective is to make aware by generating awareness. Main objective of AIR is to present the point of view of Indian Government on the matters of national and international importance. So I think AIR is a true reflection of all the political , social , economical and cultural spheres of Indian society. So in my opinion , it is necessary to inculate the habit of AIR listening if one wishes to be in perfect pace with changing times in Indonesia . Listening AIR is a healthy diet for me . Now it has become part and parcel of my life .It is outstanding God’s gift to me . It keeps me in constant touch with daily events , developments and changes in the whole world including India. I believe , AIR is bringing REAL & INCREDIBLE India to its listeners .

    1. Correction : Please read as ' changing times in India ' instead of ' changing times of Indonesia ' .

  9. 1947 में भारत के बंटवारे का दंश सबसे ज्यादा महिलाओं ने झेला. अनुमान है कि इस दौरान 75 हजार से एक लाख महिलाओं का अपहरण हत्या और बलात्कार के लिए हुआ. जबरन शादी, गुलामी और जख्म ये सब बंटवारे में औरतों को हिस्से आया.
    इतिहासकार बताते हैं कि 1952 तक कम से कम 25 हजार महिलाओं के बारे में या तो पता चला या फिर उन्हें बल पूर्वक आजाद कराया गया और उनमें से ज्यादातर को उनके रिश्तेदारों के पास पहुंचा दिया गया.

  10. भारत को 1947 में मिली आजादी लेकिन विभाजन की तकलीफ के साथ. जल्दी जल्दी में खींची गयी सीमा की लकीरों ने विस्थापन का वह सिलसिला शुरू किया जिसकी दूसरी मिसाल दुनिया में कम ही देखने को मिलती है.
    हंगामा, अफरातफरी, हिंसा और अव्यवस्था की आंधियों के बीच ही पाकिस्तान नाम के एक नये देश का जन्म हुआ और ना जाने कितनी त्रासदियों की सिर उठाने का मौका मिला.
    1612 में ईस्ट इंडिया कंपनी ने पहली बार भारत में पांव रखे, तब देश के एक बड़े हिस्से में मुगल शासन का अधिपत्य था और शासक था जहांगीर. यहां से कारोबारी रिश्ते की शुरुआत कर ईस्ट इंडिया कंपनी पूरे भारत पर हुकूमत करने लगी. 1857 के विद्रोह के बाद हुकूमत सीधे ब्रिटिश राज के हाथ में चली गई.
    1857 के विद्रोह को भारतीय स्वतंत्रता संग्राम की पहली बड़ी घटना माना जाता है. अंग्रेज सरकार इस विद्रोह को दबाने में कामयाब रही लेकिन भारतीयों के मन में इसकी चिंगारी सुलगती रही. पूरे 90 साल तक छोटे बडे हिंसक और अहिंसक आंदोलनों का नतीजा 1947 में मिला और भारत आजाद हुआ लेकिन विभाजित होकर.
    ये वो साल हैं जो भारत के विभाजन के बाद बीते हैं. पाकिस्तान के दो हिस्से थे पूर्वी पाकिस्तान और पश्चिमी पाकिस्तान. पूर्वी पाकिस्तान बाद में एक एक अलग देश बन गया. इसमें भारत ने भी मदद की और आज उसे बांग्लादेश कहते हैं.
    1941 की जनगणना के मुताबिक तब हिंदुओँ की संख्या 29.4 करोड़, मुस्लिम 4.3 करोड़ और बाकी लोग दूसरे धर्मों के थे. मुस्लिम लीग ने मुसलमानों के हित में अधिकार मांगे जिसे कांग्रेस ने ठुकरा दिया. नतीजे में मुस्लिम लीग ने अलग राष्ट्र की मांग कर दी और उसे पाने में कामयाब हुए.
    2,897 किलोमीटर :ये उस सीमा रेखा की लंबाई है जो भारत और पाकिस्तान को विभाजित करती है. इसमें कुछ हिस्सा अब भी विवादित है. भारत और पाकिस्तान के बीच 1947 में जो रेखा खींची गयी वो धर्म की थी. बहुसंख्यक मुस्लिम पाकिस्तान चले गये जबकि हिंदू भारत के हो कर रह गये.
    1.2 करोड़ : ये संख्या उन लोगों की है जो इस विभाजन के कारण विस्थापित हुए. कुछ इतिहासकार इसे दुनिया में सबसे बड़ा विस्थापन बताते हैं. मुसलमानों की बहुत बड़ी आबादी अपनी जन्मभूमि को छोड़ पाकिस्तान चली गयी. इसी तरह हिंदुओं ने भारत का रुख किया. लोगों के दल जब सीमा पार कर रहे थे तब ये कतारें कई कई किलोमीटर लंबी थीं.
    विभाजन का एलान होने के बाद हुई हिंसा में कितने लोग मारे गये, इसे लेकर अलग अलग आंकड़े हैं. आमतौर पर इसकी संख्या 5 लाख बतायी जाती है. हालांकि ये संख्या सही सही नहीं बतायी जा सकती. माना जाता है कि दो लाख से 10 लाख के बीच लोगों की मौत हुई. इसके अलावा 75 हजार से 1 लाख महिलाओं का बलात्कार या हत्या के लिए अपहरण हुआ.
    3 जंग :ये संख्या उन जंगों की है जो 70 साल के इतिहास में भारत पाकिस्तान ने आपस में लड़ीं. इन जंगों की प्रमुख वजह कश्मीर था.

  11. कृष्ण का जीवन जितना रोचक है, उतना ही मानवीय और मर्यादित भी। इसीलिए आम इंसान को बहुत कुछ सिखाता-समझाता है।दुनिया के जाने माने वैज्ञानिक अल्बर्ट आइंस्टीन ने भी कहा है कि ‘श्रीकृष्ण के उपदेश अतुलनीय हैं।’कृष्ण का जीवन प्रकृति के बहुत करीब रहा। प्रकृति के लिए उनके मन में जो अपनत्व रहा, वो समाज और राष्ट्र के सरोकारों से भी जोड़ने वाला है। कदम्ब का पेड़ और यमुना का किनारा उनके लिए बहुत विशेष स्थान रखते थे। पहाड पर चढ़े बगैर पहाड के पार का सत्य जानना असंभव है |अगर उस पार की दुनियां को जानना और समझना है तो पहाड पर चढना ही होगा|इतनी मेहनत तो कम से कम करनी ही होगी,अन्यथा सब गांव वाले पहाड के पार की दुनिया को वही समझते रहेंगे,जैसा उसे सदियों से पीढ़ी दर पीढ़ी बताया जा रहा है | सत्य कभी भी विरासत में नहीं मिलता है, उसे तो स्वयं को ही खोजना पड़ता है |विरासत में तो असत्य ही मिलता है,क्योंकि असत्य को कभी भी खोजने की जरुरत ही नहीं होती है |श्री कृष्ण गीता में भक्ति-योग नमक १२वें अध्याय में बहुत ही सुन्दर तरीके से बताते हैं|उनके अनुसार निम्न प्रकार के लक्षण एक भक्त में होने चाहिए,वही भक्त मुझे प्रिय होते है |ये लक्षण हैं-
    १ -सब प्राणियों से द्वेष भाव न होना |
    २ -सबके साथ मैत्री पूर्ण व्यवहार रखना |
    ३-बिना स्वार्थ के सबके प्रति दयालु होना |
    ४-ममता रहित होना |
    ५ -अहंकार रहित होना |
    ६ -सुख-दुःख में समान रहना |
    ७-क्षमा भाव होना |
    ८-सभी ओर से संतुष्ट रहना |
    ९-दृढ निश्चयी होना |
    १०-मन और बुद्धि को परमात्मा में अर्पित कर देना |
    ११-किसी भी जीव को उद्वेलित नहीं करना |
    १२-किसी भी जीव से उद्वेलित न होना |
    १३-हर्ष,अमर्ष(दूसरे की उन्नति देखकर परेशान होना ),भय और उद्वेग से रहित होना |
    १४-आकांक्षा से रहित होना |
    १५-बाहर और भीतर दोनों में शुद्ध रहना |
    १६-प्रत्येक कार्य में दक्ष होना |
    १७-पक्षपात से रहित होना |
    १८-दुःख में दुखी न होना |
    १९-सभी कार्य के प्रारंभ करने का श्रेय न लेना |
    २०-अधिक हर्षित न होना |
    २१-द्वेष न करना |
    २२-शोक न करना |
    २३-किसी भी प्रकार की कामना न करना |
    २४-शुभ-अशुभ सभी कर्मों का त्याग कर देना |
    २५-शत्रु और मित्र में सम रहना |
    २६-मान-अपमान में सम रहना |
    २७-सर्दी-गर्मी और में सम रहना |
    २८-आसक्ति-रहित होना |
    २९-निंदा और स्तुति को समान समझना |
    ३०- मनन शील होना |
    ३१ -भक्तिमान होना |

  12. Happy Krishna Janmashtami 2017 to Prasar Bharati Privar !
    May Lord Krishna's flute invite the melody of love into your life.May Lord Krishna show you the way in your life as he showed the way to Arjuna in the battle of Mahabharata. Have a blessed Krishna Janmashtami!

  13. Happy 71st Independence Day to the People of India !
    This red letter day has a great significance in Indian history as it ended up with a century long struggle which finally broke free the country from the clutches of slavery and oppression of the British rule and rose to the dawn of freedom. It is a day to remember the sacrifices made by the martyrs and nationalists, who laid down their lives for the sake of the Motherland .
    On every independence day we celebrate our basic and democratic rights. India is self governing country. Which constitute with various rights of India citizen. In India people have their many rights that is ruled by government of India just like voting rights, Study rights, rights to select government etc.Indians pride on country and their freedom life and celebrate this moment in prideful way.

  14. Happy National Radio Day 2017 - Sunday, August 20 to all Radio Listeners !
    Although there is not one authoritative source on the history of National Radio Day, it has been celebrated since the early 1990s on August 20. Perhaps it was decided that August 20 would be an appropriate day because 8MK (now WWJ) in Detroit, first broadcast on August 20, 1920.
    Celebrate National Radio Day on Sunday, August 20 by telling a friend about RADIO Listening ! National Radio Day is a time to honor one of the most longstanding electronic media and its role in our everyday lives. It is also a time to honor community radio listeners, volunteers, staff and contributors!
    Radio delivers information, news, entertainment and company to millions of listeners every hour of every day. Of course, does so with listener support and volunteer power.
    "Radio is the mass media reaching the widest audience in the world. It is also recognized as a powerful communication tool and a low cost medium. Radio is specifically suited to reach remote communities and vulnerable people while offering a platform to intervene in the public debate, irrespective of people’s educational level. Furthermore, radio has a strong and specific role in emergency communication and disaster relief".
    Raise greater awareness among the public and the media of the importance of radio
    Encourage decision makers to establish and provide access to information through radio
    Enhance networking and international cooperation among broadcasters.
    Happy Listeners Day to ALL India Radio Lovers ! Thank you, and happy National Radio Day!

  15. Listening to radio can really be relaxing and informative as well.Listening to radio can really be relaxing and informative as well.I will get relaxed when I listen to the radio. In the evening time I go for a walk and listen to the radio through my cell phone.
    Aside from playing music, radio stations also announce breaking news stories of interest. This is why motorists still like to stay tuned to radio as they drive — they stay entertained by the music and updated on traffic situations, current events, and other relevant occurrences.
    Radio has always been great at setting the mood. You can tune into a station that features mostly pop songs if you like feeling upbeat (or if you need a peppy background as you clean the house). You can reminisce about old times when you flip to a station that plays old, classic love songs. And you can keep your cool on the road as you drive if you choose easy listening radio.
    Because music easily taps into a person's emotions, there's no question that people rely on radio stations to bring them music that they love, that they feel inspired by, or that they simply love humming along to. Radio stays with you during good times and bad, always in the background, playing a soundtrack to your day — which is why it still remains a much-loved medium today.

  16. All India Radio encourages members of the community to link with each other, to get to understand people they did not already know. This can serve to reduce conflict between social groups, and at the same time meet the needs of listeners. This can be done by using structures such as listeners' clubs and special-interest groups.In poor regions,Radio encourages members of the community to link with each other, to get to understand people they did not already know. This can serve to reduce conflict between social groups, and at the same time meet the needs of listeners. This can be done by using structures such as listeners' clubs and special-interest groups.

  17. On August 26, the world comes together to honor past, present, and future achievements for women everywhere. People celebrate in many different ways, but typically it takes place by making a pledge for parity, participating in a women’s rights campaign, or by simply honoring the important women in your life.This is a day to celebrate the wonderful women in our lives and the progress the world has made to support gender equality.National Women’s Equality Day is a day for the global community to celebrate the social, economic, cultural and political achievements that women around the world have made. Every day, the world is moving closer to full gender equality.This is a good time for companies to be transparent, and discuss what they’ve done to celebrate women in the workplace— or perhaps what they’ve done to support women globally.Women make the world go around--without women, there wouldn't be life. Our mothers, grandmothers, aunts, cousins, and sisters, all have played important roles in all of our lives. Femininity represents the creation of life, the nurturing side of a human, family, strength and vulnerability.

  18. To Prasar Bharati Parivar
    Eid Ul Adha is Eid of sacrifice and commitment of Allah’s orders. May Allah bless us with the same in all circles of life, and help all amongst us, who are helpless, worried and waiting for his rehmat.
    I wish you all a very happy and peaceful Eid, May Allah accept your good deeds,
    Forgive your transgressions and ease, The suffering of all peoples around the globe,
    Have a joyous Bakra Eid with full of sparkling lights. A warm and heartfelt wishes to tell you how much you mean to me. Eid ul Azha Mubarak!

  19. Happy Onam 2017!
    Onam is celebrated in the beginning of the month of Chingam, the first month of the solar Malayalam calendar (Kollavarsham). It falls in August or September each year. There are four main days of Onam. The most important day of Onam (known as Thiru Onam or Thiruvonam, meaning "Sacred Onam Day") is the second day.
    Festivities actually commence 10 days before Thiru Onam, on Atham. As per the Malayalam calendar, the dates for 2017 and their significance are as follows:
    Atham (August 25, 2017) -- is when mythical King Mahabali is believed to have started preparing to come back and visit his kingdom. People begin the day with an early bath, followed by prayers, and the creation of floral arrangements (pookalam) on the ground in front of homes to welcome him. Traditionally, the pookalams are completed with ten rings, each representing a Hindu god. The colors are chosen to please each god, and only yellow flowers are used on Atham for the first layer of the pookalam. However, these days, more importance is given to how elaborate and striking the design is. A grand procession, Athachamyam, marks the start of Onam celebrations near Kochi.
    Chithira (August 26, 2017) -- two more layers are added to the pookalams, using mostly orange and creamy yellow flowers. People also visit temples to seek blessings.
    Chodhi (August 27, 2017) -- is a fun-filled day that marks the start of shopping for Onam. People begin buying new clothes, jewelry, and gifts.
    Vishakham (August 28, 2017) -- housewives visit the markets to stock up on ingredients to make the elaborate Onam meal. Markets traditionally used to hold their harvest sale on this day, making it a popular day for shopping. Pookalam design competitions also commence across Kerala on his day.
    Anizham (August 29, 2017) -- snake boat races kick-off across the state. A mock race is held at Aranmula as a rehearsal for the race that's held there after the main day of Onam.
    Thriketa (August 30, 2017) -- people start visiting their families and fresh flowers continue to be added to pookalams.
    Moolam (August 31, 2017) -- the state is beautifully decorated.
    Pooradam (September 1 and 2, 2017) -- the day starts with the ritual installation of pyramid-style clay statues, known as Onathappan, in the center of pookalams. They represent king Mahabali and Lord Vamana (the fifth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, who sent Mahabali to the underworld but allowed him to visit his kingdom once a year during Onam). By now, the pookalams have greatly grown in size and complexity of design.
    First Onam/Uthradom (September 3, 2017) -- King Mahabali is believed to arrive in Kerala on this day. It's a jubilant occasion when people rush to complete their Onam shopping and the cleaning of their homes. It's considered to be an auspicious day for buying fresh fruit and vegetables.
    Second Onam/Thiruvonam (September 4, 2017) -- the main Onam celebrations occur on this day, when King Mahabali is said to visit people's homes. Homes are spic and span, finished pookalams are elaborate, new clothes are worn, and families gather to enjoy an elaborate vegetarian feast known as the Onam Sadya or Onasadya.
    Third Onam/Avvittom (September 5, 2017) -- preparations are undertaken for King Mahabali's departure. Onathappan statues are immersed in the sea or river, and pookalams are cleared and removed.
    Fourth Onam/Chatayam (September 6, 2017) -- post-Onam celebrations continue for the next couple of days with snake boat races, Pulikkali tiger play, and Kerala Tourism's Onam Week program.
    May the spirit of Onam be everywhere
    In whatever things you do,
    In things you think of,
    And in whatever you desire in your life
    Wish you a Happy Onam !
    May this festival of Onam bring a lot of happiness, luck peace and prosperity in your life. Wish you all the greetings of the festival. Happy Onam!

  20. Happy Teacher's Day :-
    “Teaching is a very noble profession that shapes the character, caliber, and future of an individual. If the people remember me as a good teacher, that will be the biggest honor for me.” – A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
    5th September announces the birthday of the great teacher and scholar, the second president of India Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan who was a phenomenal teacher, philosopher, writer, orator, statesman, administrator and above all – a great man. As a mark of respect to this phenomenal teacher, his birthday came to be observed as Teacher’s Day in the country.
    The history behind the teacher’s day is quite interesting. Some of the prominent students of Dr. S. Radhakrishnan had organized a gathering to pay homage to the Great Teacher of repute in 1965. It was during his presidential tenure, and some of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan students as well as friends approached him and requested him to let them celebrate his birthday. Dr. Radhakrishnan in his speech on that gathering had expressed his profound reservation regarding his birth anniversary celebration and had emphasized that his birth anniversary should be celebrated as ‘Teacher’s Day,’ by paying homage to other Great Teachers of the country. He also mentioned that if it is done, then it would be a great privilege for him.
    From then on, every September 5th, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s birthday is celebrated as the day for appreciating and honoring the teachers throughout the country. The students can express their genuine appreciation through their wishes on the occasion of teacher’s day to their teachers. Also, on this day the students pay respect and tribute to Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan for his incredible work towards philosophies. The teachers and students on this day report to school as usual as it is an observance and not a holiday. The routine activities and classes will be replaced by activities of celebration, thankfulness, appreciation, and remembrance. The day is marked as a very important day in the history of India.
    Teacher’s Day is an annual commemoration celebrated on 5th September of every year in India. A teacher is the one who needs to be celebrated after parents because a teacher is the second parent for any child. From ancient age till this technology era, we have learned and acquired knowledge with the guidelines of the teacher. Will we have attained this high position without the support of the teachers? Will you have understood every necessary information from the scratch to the core without your teachers? Who would have stood as a pillar of support when clearing all your doubts? Who identified you are good at sports and music? Unquestionably it is your teachers, and of course, it includes all of them from the primary section to your higher grade to your college professors. Teacher’s Day celebration is indeed a special honor and tribute for any teacher. Every teacher needs to be celebrated irrespective of the subject they handle. Wish them on this day and pay your honor.

  21. Remembering Saint #MotherTeresa on her Death Anniversary today !
    "By blood and origin, I am all Albanian. My citizenship is Indian. I am a Catholic nun.
    As to my calling, I belong to the whole world. As to my heart, I belong entirely to Jesus."
    —Mother Teresa
    Mother Teresa belongs to the whole world—not to Roman Catholics only, not to Christians only. Indeed, she is the first religious figure in history to be revered during her lifetime by adherents of all religions and Christians of all denominations. And when she died in 1997, there was a universal outpouring of heartfelt appreciation and reverence for her long life of service. Of course, she will also be remembered for the international recognition she received, the thousands of nuns who followed her, and the hundreds of homes established around the world. But the image imprinted on the global psyche would be that of a tiny wrinkled old woman reaching out and touching those consigned to the trash heap of humanity.

  22. Significance of Pitru Paksha :-Pitru Paksha is a 16-day period in the Hindu calendar when the death rites ceremony of the family is performed on specific days. This process is called as Shradh or Tarpan and this period is also called as Mahalaya Paksha and Apara Paksha. In southern and western India, the Pitru Paksha falls in the second fortnight of the Hindu month of Bhadrapada. Pitru Paksha 2017 begins on Septemeber 5, 2017 and will be observed till September 19, 2017. Hindus who follow the Pitru Paksha avoid doing anything auspicious and religious during this time span. The 16-days of Mahalaya Paksha are used to perform the death rites of the dead, and there are specific muhurat timings assigned as per the Hindu calendar.
    On these many days, people offer pind daan to their dead ancestors. Apart from this, they also offer Brahmin bhoj, tarpan, and also offer something to the poor people. As per beliefs, it is required to make souls of dead happy during shradh to seek their blessings.
    The performance of Shradh by a son during Pitru Paksha is regarded as compulsory by Hindus, to ensure that the soul of the ancestor goes to heaven.son. If somebody had no son, then any male among his brothers, nephews or uncles can offer pind daan.
    Things to remember during Shradh:
    1) One should not forget to distribute clothes or grains. This will make souls of dead ancestors happy.
    2) Shradh should be performed in later part of afternoon. It should not be done in morning or in early part of the afternoon.
    3) During Bhrahmin bhoj, they should be offered food with two hands.
    On the day of shradh, Onion or Garlic should not be used in any food items. It is said that those crops that are grown under the soil are not offered to dead ancestors, which include potatoes, brinjal and radish The Pitru Paksha Shradh are called the Parvan Shradh and the auspicious time to perform these rites are either Kutup Muhurat and Rohina Muhurat. Some families also conduct ritual recitals during the time of Pitru Paksha. Reciting the religious scriptures such the Bhagavata Purana and the Bhagavad Gita and making charitable proceedings and giving to the needy is also a ritual followed in the hopes of the ancestor’s well being.
    Mahalaya Amavasya, which is considered the most important day of Shradh, can be performed without looking at date, tithi or nakshatra. It also is known as Sarva Pitru Shraddh. Falling on September 19, the time to perform Shradh is between 1:13 PM to 3:35 PM, says Brahmin Santarpana is performed to dead ancestors on this day to make the stay in peace in their world. It is believed by Hindus that that the ritual that is performed frees dead ancestors free from their sins and help them get salvation.

  23. 8 September every year: Reminding us of the global importance of literacy.The first International Literacy Day was celebrated in 1966 and this tradition has been held annually for 50 years.The United Nations' (UN) International Literacy Day annually falls on September 8 to raise people's awareness of and concern for literacy issues in the world.For over 50 years now, UNESCO has been celebrating International Literacy Day by reminding the international community that literacy is a human right and the foundation of all learning.The theme of the 2017 day is Literacy in a digital world.
    Globally, 250 million children – including many of the most vulnerable – are not learning basic literacy and numeracy skills even though half have attended school for at least four years.In order to reach the new SDG target to, “ensure inclusive and quality education for all and promote lifelong learning,” global leaders must refocus on the role of education in poverty reduction. We must ensure that children are not only in school but are learning when they get there.Literacy unlocks human potential and is the cornerstone of development. It leads to better health, better employment opportunities, and safer and more stable societies. Developing literacy skills in the early years is crucial to a child’s success in school and later in life.

  24. Swami Vivekananda represented India and Hinduism at the Parliament of the World's Religions (1893). This was the first World's Parliament of Religions and it was held from 11 to 27.
    September 1893.Opening Address - Chicago, Sept 11, 1893
    Sisters and Brothers of America,
    It fills my heart with joy unspeakable to rise in response to the warm and cordial welcome which you have given us. I thank you in the name of the most ancient order of monks in the world; I thank you in the name of the mother of religions, and I thank you in the name of millions and millions of Hindu people of all classes and sects.
    My thanks, also, to some of the speakers on this platform who, referring to the delegates from the Orient, have told you that these men from far-off nations may well claim the honor of bearing to different lands the idea of toleration. I am proud to belong to a religion which has taught the world both tolerance and universal acceptance.
    We believe not only in universal toleration, but we accept all religions as true. I am proud to belong to a nation which has sheltered the persecuted and the refugees of all religions and all nations of the earth. I am proud to tell you that we have gathered in our bosom the purest remnant of the Israelites, who came to Southern India and took refuge with us in the very year in which their holy temple was shattered to pieces by Roman tyranny. I am proud to belong to the religion which has sheltered and is still fostering the remnant of the grand Zoroastrian nation. I will quote to you, brethren, a few lines from a hymn which I remember to have repeated from my earliest boyhood, which is every day repeated by millions of human beings: "As the different streams having their sources in different paths which men take through different tendencies, various though they appear, crooked or straight, all lead to Thee."
    The present convention, which is one of the most august assemblies ever held, is in itself a vindication, a declaration to the world of the wonderful doctrine preached in the Gita: "Whosoever comes to Me, through whatsoever form, I reach him; all men are struggling through paths which in the end lead to me." Sectarianism, bigotry, and its horrible descendant, fanaticism, have long possessed this beautiful earth.
    They have filled the earth with violence, drenched it often and often with human blood, destroyed civilization and sent whole nations to despair. Had it not been for these horrible demons, human society would be far more advanced than it is now. But their time is come; and I fervently hope that the bell that tolled this morning in honor of this convention may be the death-knell of all fanaticism, of all persecutions with the sword or with the pen, and of all uncharitable feelings between persons wending their way to the same goal.

  25. Swami Vivekananda represented India and Hinduism at the Parliament of the World's Religions (1893). This was the first World's Parliament of Religions and it was held from 11 to 27.
    Concluding Address -- Chicago, September 27, 1893
    The World's Parliament of Religions has become an accomplished fact, and the merciful Father has helped those who labored to bring it into existence, and crowned with success their most unselfish labor.My thanks to those noble souls whose large hearts and love of truth first dreamed this wonderful dream and then realized it. My thanks to the shower of liberal sentiments that has overflowed this platform. My thanks to this enlightened audience for their uniform kindness to me and for their appreciation of every thought that tends to smooth the friction of religions. A few jarring notes were heard from time to time in this harmony. My special thanks to them, for they have, by their striking contrast, made general harmony the sweeter.
    Much has been said of the common ground of religious unity. I am not going just now to venture my own theory. But if any one here hopes that this unity will come by the triumph of any one of the religions and the destruction of the others, to him I say, "Brother, yours is an impossible hope." Do I wish that the Christian would become Hindu? God forbid. Do I wish that the Hindu or Buddhist would become Christian? God forbid.
    The seed is put in the ground, and earth and air and water are placed around it. Does the seed become the earth, or the air, or the water? No. It becomes a plant. It develops after the law of its own growth, assimilates the air, the earth, and the water, converts them into plant substance, and grows into a plant.
    Similar is the case with religion. The Christian is not to become a Hindu or a Buddhist, nor a Hindu or a Buddhist to become a Christian. But each must assimilate the spirit of the others and yet preserve his individuality and grow according to his own law of growth.
    If the Parliament of Religions has shown anything to the world, it is this: It has proved to the world that holiness, purity and charity are not the exclusive possessions of any church in the world, and that every system has produced men and women of the most exalted character.
    In the face of this evidence, if anybody dreams of the exclusive survival of his own religion and the destruction of the others, I pity him from the bottom of my heart, and point out to him that upon the banner of every religion will soon be written in spite of resistance: "Help and not fight," "Assimilation and not Destruction," "Harmony and Peace and not Dissension."

  26. On 14th September 1949 Hindi was adopted as the Official Language of the Union of India. Later in 1950, the Constitution of India declared Hindi in the Devanagari script as the Official language of India. Apart from Hindi, English is also recognized as an Official Language of India. Different states of India identify their own official languages through legislation.Hindi is one of the main languages of India and is spoken by around 40% of the Indian population. In 1950 it was declared that the use of English was to be put to an end, 15 years after the formation of the Constitution (by 26th January 1965). This decision was not met with gladly by non-Hindi speaking areas of India, such as South India (since their languages are not remotely similar to Hindi). Keeping this in mind, the Parliament brought into force the Official Languages Act 1963 which allowed the continuation of the use of English along with Hindi for official purposes after 1965. Some North Eastern states like Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland have English as their official language.
    Hindi belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language group. Later Hindi was influenced by Persian and the Mughals made their own modifications to the language along the way. Even though Hindi has evolved from Sanskrit, many of its words find their origin in Arabic or Persian. Hindi also takes credit for being a “link language” as it has brought together the large Indian Diaspora living around the world and has reduced the gap between North and South India. Hindi as a language has travelled across the globe and is spoken not only in India, but also in countries like Mauritius, Surinam, Trinidad and Tobago, South Africa and New Zealand.
    Hindi takes pride in being the mother tongue of 180 million people and the second language of 300 million people. Mahatma Gandhi used Hindi to unite India and hence the language is also known as the “Language of Unity”. The Hindi word “Swadeshi” has found mention in the Oxford Dictionary and is a historic moment and matter of great pride.
    Introducing Hindi to a global audience has not been an easy task and keeping in mind the importance of the language, former US President, George Bush put in place a budget of $114 million to make Hindi a part of the school syllabus to be taught from Kindergarten to the graduate level. Apart from this many Hindi words, such as Guru, Nirvana, Roti and Adda are accepted and understood around the world.
    Hindi has also begun to be accepted in South India, a part of the country which was initially not ready to accept Hindi as a national language. In 1997, the former Chief Minister of Karnataka, Deve Gowda spoke up regarding the promotion of Hindi, later Karunanidhi, the former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu recited a poem in Hindi during a campaign and Jayalalitha also campaigned in Hindi for the promotion of the language.
    14th September is now recognized as Hindi Diwas and is celebrated every year. Many schools, colleges and organizations celebrate this day with special competitions, such as poetry writing, story recitation, essay writing and Hindi vocabulary quizzes.

  27. लगा रहे प्रेम हिंदी में, पढूं हिंदी, लिखूं हिंदी,
    चलन हिंदी.. चलूं मै हिंदी.. पहरना, ओढ़ना खाना
    राम प्रसाद बिस्मिल की ये कविता अपने आप में हिंदी के महत्व को बयां करती है। हिंदी केवल हमारी भाषा ही नहीं बल्कि मां है। हिंदी हमारी भाषा का वो धागा है जिसने हमें और आपको एक सूत्र में बांधे रखा है।

  28. International Day of Democracy is observed by the countries around the world on September 15. This observance is one of the UN International Days and it was established in 2007.
    September 15 was chosen to be International Day of Democracy to commemorate adoption of a Universal Declaration on Democracy by the Inter-Parliamentary Union in 1997. The Declaration affirmed the principles and elements of democracy exercised by the democratic government and the international scope of democracy.
    Democracy, sustainable peace and conflict prevention cannot be achieved if women—half of the population—are left behind. This year's International Day of Democracy (15 September) theme, “Democracy and Conflict Prevention”, calls for “strong leadership to support democracy, strengthen civil society, empower women and uphold the rule of law”.
    The International Day of Democracy ensures if the people are getting the human rights, precisely the right to political and civil freedom. Also, the observance of the day ensures equal participation of all the members of society.

  29. As we all know that the habit of cleanliness is in our tradition and culture. Our grandparents teach us properly to be clean always and promote us to do worship and eat meal after taking morning bath. They teach us to eat food only after doing proper hand wash and touch holy books and other holy things with clean hands. Even in some houses there are restrictions of entering to the temple and kitchen without taking bath. Priests tell us to take bath, wash hands and wear clean clothes before appear to the God or involve in the puja or katha.
    Many great people and social reformers in India (like Mahatma Gandhi, etc) had worked hard for the maintenance of personal and surrounding cleanliness to be physically, mentally, and spiritually healthy. Now-a-days, a clean India campaign called #SwachhBharatAbhiyan has been run by the Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi in order to maintain the cleanliness in surroundings and make India a clean India.Srimad Bhagavatam also explains the internal and external cleanliness as "My dear Uddhava, general cleanliness, washing the hands, bathing, performing religious services at sunrise, noon and sunset, worshiping Me, visiting holy places, chanting japa, avoiding that which is untouchable, uneatable or not to be discussed, and remembering My existence within all living entities as the Paramatman — these principles should be followed by all members of society through regulation of the mind, words and body."
    As we know that Mr. Narendra Modi, the Prime Minister of our country, has kick started the campaign called Swachh Bharat Abhiyan or ‘Clean India’ campaign with great gusto all across India to encourage people maintain high standard of cleanliness and hygiene at all places, be it our homes, workplaces, public places, streets/roads, etc so it becomes our responsibility too to inculcate the same spirit in our students.
    When we know that Cleanliness is next to Godliness, so why are we still insensitive towards this issue? Unhygienic conditions can cause many serious health hazards including causing harm to the environment in the form of pollution. In filthy surroundings, germs spread all around, which we cannot see though our naked eyes and how fast these germs multiply we cannot possibly imagine. If pollution will increase in our environment – it will start breeding such diseases as asthma, cancer, chest congestion, lung infection thereby resulting in a person’s death.
    So it’s high time when we should raise the consciousness of masses towards maintain cleanliness so that we can protect our environment and save the lives of hundreds of people who die due to unhygienic surroundings. #SwachhBharatAbhiyan

  30. Mahalaya marks the end of the Shraadhh period or Pitri Paksha, the ceremony in which three generations of ancestors are invited to a meal and an offering of rice cakes is made. This also heralds the beginning of Devi Paksha. Starting on the sixth day, Durga Puja, the most famous festival for Bengalis, is celebrated with full fanfare.
    According to mythology, it is said that the goddess Durga was created with the blessings of all the other gods, especially Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh, so as to defeat the demon king Mahishasura, who had received a boon that he could not be killed by any man or god – which is why, the creation of the goddess. Durga is said to have been formulated from the powers of the gods’ court, and was bestowed with the various weapons borrowed from her creators – symbolically held in the 10 hands that are attached to the goddess’ body – which were then used in her fight against Mahishasura.
    The fight with the demon king starts the next day, when both the goddess and the demon take on different personas in the battle, and on the 10th is when Durga is successful in killing Mahishasura, much to the delight of the gods and the world.
    The goddess is considered as the epitome of power showing victory of good over evil. It is also believed that Lord Rama performed Durga Puja on this day before leaving for Lanka to rescue his wife Sita, whom Ravana had kidnapped.
    The word Mahalaya, derived from 'maha' meaning great and 'alaya' meaning abode, is a Sanskrit word and marks the beginning of one of the biggest festivals in India- Durga Puja. The countdown to Durga Puja begins from Mahalaya as festivities unfold in full swing. Mahalaya is an oratorical invocation to the goddess Durga, and heralds her descent on earth. Its Sanskrit chants entreats the goddess to come and save us from evil powers, and it also marks the beginning of 'Devi' paksha and the end of 'Pitru' paksha. This year the Pitru paksha began on September 5 and will end on September 19. Durga Puja, which is usually celebrated from Shasthi onward, will begin on September 26 and continue till September 30 (Dashami).
    The holy occasion of Mahalaya is the first day of Durga Puja or Navratri that will start on 19th September, 2017 and end on 30th September, 2017 with Dussehra. This day marks the beginning of Durga puja or Navratri and on this day, prayers are offered to invite goddess Durga to descend on earth and bless her devotees. This day also marks the last day of Shradh 2017 or Pitru Paksha.


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